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The 8 Pillars of Self-Care: Shape a Better Life After 50

Self-care is a term that has gained popularity in recent years, but what does it actually mean? At its core, self-care refers to taking care of yourself physically, mentally, and emotionally.

In fact, there are 8 pillars of self-care, covering all areas of your life that need attention and nurturing for you to be your best self.

Self-care is important because it allows you to prioritize your well-being.

In today’s fast-paced world, it’s easy to get caught up in the demands of work, family, and social obligations. However, neglecting your own needs can lead to burnout, stress, and even physical illness.

By taking the time to care for yourself, you can improve your overall health and happiness, and be better equipped to handle life’s challenges.

Self-care can include activities such as exercise, healthy eating, getting enough sleep, practicing mindfulness, and setting boundaries in your relationships.

It’s important to remember that everyone’s self-care plan is personal and no two will look exactly the same.

Self-care means taking the time to do things that help you live well and improve both your physical health and mental health. When it comes to your mental health, self-care can help you manage stress, lower your risk of illness, and increase your energy. Even small acts of self-care in your daily life can have a big impact.

National Institute of Mental Health

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Understanding Self-Care

Definition and Components

Self-care refers to any activity that you deliberately do to take care of your mental, emotional, and physical health.

It is a conscious effort to take care of yourself, not just physically but also mentally and emotionally.

Incorporating self-care into your daily routine is essential for maintaining a healthy and balanced lifestyle. By taking care of yourself, you are better equipped to handle life’s challenges and maintain a positive outlook.

Make it a point to prioritize self-care and make time for yourself every day.

The Importance of Self-Care

Self-care is essential for your overall well-being. It is the practice of taking care of yourself physically, emotionally, and mentally.

Self-care activities help you to reduce stress, improve your mood, and boost your energy levels.

Taking care of yourself can help you to be more productive and efficient in your daily life. It can also help you to maintain a positive outlook and improve your relationships with others.

When you prioritize self-care, you are investing in your long-term health and happiness.

Self-care can take many forms, such as exercise, healthy eating, meditation, or spending time with loved ones. It is important to find activities that work for you and make them a regular part of your routine.

Neglecting self-care can lead to burnout, exhaustion, and even physical illness. When you don’t take care of yourself, you are more likely to experience negative emotions, such as anxiety and depression.

In conclusion, self-care is crucial for your overall well-being.

By making self-care a priority, you can improve your physical, emotional, and mental health, and ultimately lead a happier and more fulfilling life.

list of the 8 pillars of self-care on a peach background

The 8 Pillars of Self-Care

The 8 pillars of self-care include:

Let’s take a deeper look at each one:

Physical Self-Care

Taking care of your physical health is an essential part of self-care.

In fact, neglecting physical self-care can impact all of the other self-care categories!

Physical self-care involves taking care of your body through proper nutrition, exercise, and sleep. It also includes nurturing your body through soothing baths, spending time in nature, and practicing stress reduction.

Here are some tips to help you improve your physical self-care.


Eating a healthy and balanced diet is crucial for your physical well-being.

Make sure you are consuming enough nutrients and vitamins to keep your body healthy. Try to avoid processed foods and sugary drinks as they can negatively impact your health. Instead, focus on eating a variety of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains.


Regular exercise is essential for maintaining physical health and reducing stress.

Find an exercise routine that you enjoy and stick to it. Whether it’s going for a run, practicing yoga, or lifting weights, make sure you are getting enough physical activity each week.

Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. This can be done all at once or broken into smaller spurts. Parking farther from the store, climbing stairs, and stretching in the morning all contribute to your exercise times.

Stress Management

Stress is a natural part of life, but it can become overwhelming if left unchecked.

To manage stress, try incorporating relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga into your daily routine. It’s important to learn your triggers so you can respond to early signs of stress effectively.

Taking breaks when you need them and prioritizing self-care activities can also help reduce stress levels.


Getting enough sleep is essential for your physical and mental health.

Make sure you are getting 7-9 hours of sleep each night. Create a relaxing bedtime routine to help you fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer. Avoid using electronic devices before bed as they can interfere with your sleep.

Taking care of your physical health is an essential part (perhaps the most essential) of self-care. By incorporating proper nutrition, exercise, and sleep into your routine, you can improve your physical well-being and overall quality of life.

Examples of Physical Self-Care

  • Choosing a healthy green smoothie for breakfast over a cream cheese-laden bagel.
  • Drinking 8 oz. of water as soon as you wake up
  • Sticking as much as possible to a consistent bedtime routine and time.
  • Stretching your body in the morning and evening.
  • Spending time outside every day.

Read more about physical self-care.

quote about unplugging

Mental Self-Care

Taking care of your mental health is just as important as taking care of your physical health.

Mental self-care involves activities that help you maintain a positive and healthy mindset. Mental self-care practices stimulate the brain, maintain a growth mindset, and promote a positive outlook on life.

Here are some tips to practice mental self-care:


Meditation is a great way to clear your mind and reduce stress. It involves focusing your attention on a particular object, thought, or activity to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.


Journaling is a therapeutic way to express your emotions and thoughts. Writing down your feelings can help you process them and gain a better understanding of yourself.


Learning new things can help improve your mental well-being. Whether it’s taking a new course, reading a book, or learning a new skill, the act of learning can increase your confidence and self-esteem.


Socializing with friends and family is important for your mental health. Spending time with loved ones can help you feel supported and connected, which can improve your overall well-being.


Taking time to reflect on your life and your goals can help you gain clarity and perspective. Self-reflection can help you identify areas for improvement and make positive changes in your life.

Practicing Mindfulness

Mindfulness involves being present in the moment and paying attention to your thoughts and feelings without judgment. Practicing mindfulness can help reduce stress and improve your overall mental well-being.

Examples of Mental Self-Care

  • Learning a new skill, language, or area of study
  • Playing games of skill such as chess, bridge, or scrabble
  • Reading a variety of fiction and non-fiction books
  • Writing in a journal for 10 minutes each morning
  • Seeking professional help when you need it

Read more about mental self-care.

Emotional Self-Care

Taking care of your emotional well-being is crucial for your overall health and happiness.

Emotional self-care involves developing a better understanding of your feelings, managing stress, and practicing self-compassion and self-love.

Here are some ways to improve your emotional self-care:

Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and express your emotions healthily.

To improve your emotional literacy, start by identifying the symptoms and signs of your emotions. Learn to label them accurately and understand their triggers and your responses. Once you have insight into your emotions, you will be able to respond to others’ feelings more effectively.

You can also try journaling, meditating, or talking to a trusted friend or professional to help process and understand your emotions.


Self-compassion involves treating yourself with kindness and understanding, especially during difficult times.

To practice self-compassion, try reframing negative self-talk into positive affirmations.

Take time to do things that make you happy and prioritize self-care activities.

Learn to reframe negative experiences as learning opportunities, not failures.

Incorporating these pillars of emotional self-care into your daily routine can help you lead a happier, healthier life. Remember to prioritize your emotional well-being and take care of yourself.

Examples of Emotional Self-Care

  • Journaling about your feelings
  • Spending time each day doing activities that make you happy
  • Using positive affirmations to boost your sense of self-love
  • Being as generous and kind to yourself as you are with others
  • Establishing boundaries to protect your time, confidence, and peace.

Read more about emotional self-care.

Social Self-Care

Social self-care is all about nurturing and maintaining healthy relationships with others. This pillar of self-care is essential for your overall well-being and happiness. It involves connecting with others, building a support system, and establishing healthy boundaries and communication skills.

Social self-care helps us to feel loved and cared about and alleviates loneliness.

Social Connections

Creating and maintaining social connections is an important part of social self-care.

Spending time with friends, family, and loved ones can help reduce stress, boost your mood, and provide a sense of belonging. Whether it’s catching up over coffee, going for a walk together, or attending a social event, making time for social connections can help you feel more connected and fulfilled.

Support Systems

Building a support system is another key aspect of social self-care. This involves surrounding yourself with people who uplift and support you, and who you can turn to in times of need.

Your support system may include family members, friends, coworkers, or a therapist. It’s important to establish healthy boundaries and communicate your needs with your support system so that they can provide you with the assistance you need.

Overall, social self-care is an important pillar of self-care that can help improve your overall well-being and happiness.

By nurturing healthy relationships and building a strong support system, you can feel more connected, supported, and fulfilled in your daily life.

Examples of Social Self-Care

  • Celebrating holidays with family and loved ones
  • Joining in group activities that focus on your interests, such as a book club or community garden
  • Meeting an old friend for coffee once a week
  • Limiting time with negative people who leave you feeling unhappy
  • Being open to meeting new friends

Read more about social self-care.

blue sky backing a building with tall columns, representing the pillars of self-care

Spiritual Self-Care

Taking care of your spiritual self is an important aspect of self-care. It involves developing a sense of inner peace and purpose and connecting with something greater than yourself.

Spiritual self-care can involve religion and spirituality, but not necessarily. It is focused on helping you find inner calm, peace, and meaning.

Here are some ways you can practice spiritual self-care:

Values and Beliefs

Identifying your core values and beliefs is a crucial step in spiritual self-care. Your values and beliefs shape your worldview and guide your decisions, so it’s important to be intentional about them.

Take some time to reflect on what’s important to you and what you believe in. Some questions to consider include:

  • What brings meaning to your life?
  • What are your core values?
  • What do you believe in?

Once you’ve identified your values and beliefs, try to incorporate them into your daily life. This could mean setting intentions, practicing gratitude, or strengthening your character.

Mindfulness Practices

Mindfulness practices can help you cultivate a sense of inner peace and presence. They involve bringing your attention to the present moment and accepting it without judgment. Here are some mindfulness practices you can try:

  • Meditation: Set aside a few minutes each day to sit in silence and focus on your breath. If you’re new to meditation, try using a guided meditation app or video to help you get started.
  • Gratitude: Practicing gratitude involves intentionally focusing on the things you’re thankful for. You can do this by keeping a gratitude journal, saying a daily gratitude prayer, or simply taking a few moments each day to reflect on what you’re grateful for.

Remember, spiritual self-care looks different for everyone. It’s important to find practices that resonate with you and create a powerful connection between yourself and the world around you.

Examples of Spiritual Self-Care

  • Having a daily meditation practice
  • Identifying your core values, character traits, and beliefs
  • Attending religious services (if that’s right for you)
  • Connecting deeply to the natural world around you
  • Finding your purpose in life and living it daily

Read more about spiritual self-care.

quote about self-love

Recreational Self-Care

When it comes to self-care, taking time for recreational activities is essential. Recreational self-care includes all the things you do for fun, and focusing on activities that bring you a sense of joy.

Recreational self-care is valuable because it helps you relax, recharge, and reconnect with yourself.

Take a closer look:

Personal Identity

Personal identity is all about understanding who you are and what you value. It’s about exploring your beliefs, values, and goals.

When you take time to explore your identity, you can better understand what brings you joy and fulfillment. Here are a few ways to incorporate personal identity into your recreational self-care:

  • Journaling: Writing down your thoughts and feelings can help you better understand your character, values, and identity. Take time to reflect on your interests, beliefs, and goals.
  • Meditation: Meditation can help you quiet your mind and connect with your inner self. It can help you gain clarity on who you are.
  • Self-reflection: Take time to reflect on your experiences and how they have shaped you.

Hobbies and Interests

Hobbies and interests are a great way to incorporate recreational self-care into your life. They allow you to engage in activities that bring you joy and fulfillment.

Here are a few ways to incorporate hobbies and interests into your recreational self-care:

  • Make time for your hobbies: Make time in your schedule to engage in your hobbies and interests. This can help you relax and recharge.
  • Connect with others: Engaging in hobbies and interests with others can help you build connections and create a sense of community. Join a club or group that shares your interests.
  • Try something new: Trying new things can be a great way to discover new hobbies and interests. Take a class or try a new activity to see what you enjoy.

Examples of Recreational Self-Care

  • Take a paint-and-sip class at a local art studio
  • Join a pickleball league
  • Plan a binge-TV weekend, with lots of popcorn and lounging on the couch
  • Visit an Escape Room or go bowling with a group of friends
  • Rent a kayak, paddleboard, or pontoon boat and spend a day on the water

Read more about recreational self-care.

Environmental Self-Care

Taking care of your environment is an important aspect of self-care that is often overlooked. Your environment can have a significant impact on your mental and physical well-being.

Do you prefer a cozy home office or bustling coffee shop? Decor in soft neutrals or bright colors? Are you a minimalist, maximalist, neatnick or clutter-hound?

Set up your personal spaces to reflect your passions, personality, and what energizes and motivates you.

Here are two areas where you can focus your environmental self-care efforts:

Your Living Environment

Your living environment is where you spend a significant amount of time each day. It is essential to create a space that is comfortable, relaxing, and promotes a positive mood. Here are some ways you can improve your living environment:

  • Declutter your space: A cluttered environment can lead to stress and anxiety. Take some time to declutter your living space and create a more organized and calming environment.
  • Add plants: Plants can improve air quality, reduce stress, and promote a feeling of well-being. Consider adding some plants to your living space to create a more natural and calming environment.
  • Personalize your space: Adding personal touches to your living space can make it feel more like home. Hang up some pictures, add some decorative items, and create a space that reflects your personality and style.

Your Work Environment

Your work environment can also have a significant impact on your well-being. It is essential to create a space that is conducive to productivity and promotes a positive mood. Here are some ways you can improve your work environment:

  • Organize your workspace: A cluttered workspace can lead to stress and anxiety. Take some time to organize your workspace and create a more efficient and calming environment.
  • Take breaks: Taking regular breaks can help reduce stress and improve productivity. Take a short walk, stretch, or meditate to help clear your mind and improve your focus.
  • Personalize your workspace: Adding personal touches to your workspace can make it feel more comfortable and inviting. Add some pictures, plants, or other decorative items to create a space that reflects your personality and style.

By focusing on your living and work environments, you can improve your overall well-being and promote a more positive and productive lifestyle.

Examples of Environmental Self-Care

  • Make your bed each morning
  • Organize your clothing so it’s easy to get dressed each day
  • Listen to music that energizes – or soothes
  • Travel to a location new to you
  • Use soft lighting and candles to settle in at night

Read more about environmental self-care.

Financial Self-Care

Cultivating a healthy relationship with money eases stress and anxiety and creates confidence. Learn to manage your finances and build a positive mindset around the money you have, the money you earn, and the money you save and spend.

As a woman over 50, it’s important to prioritize your financial self-care and well-being. Here are some essential financial strategies to help you achieve your financial goals.

Budgeting and Expense Tracking

Creating a budget and tracking your expenses is a crucial step in achieving financial stability.

Start by analyzing your monthly income and expenses.

Identify areas where you can cut back on unnecessary spending and redirect those funds towards your financial goals. Take a critical look at your spending habits.

Investment Principles

Investing can be a powerful tool for growing your wealth, but it’s important to understand the principles of investing before making any decisions. Diversification, asset allocation, and risk management are all key concepts to consider.

Consider consulting with a financial advisor to help you create a personalized investment plan that aligns with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Retirement Planning

It’s never too early or too late to start planning for retirement.

Start by estimating how much you’ll need to save for retirement based on your current lifestyle and future goals.

Consider contributing to a retirement account like a 401(k) or IRA. If you’re behind on your retirement savings, consider increasing your contributions or working with a financial advisor to create a plan to catch up.

By implementing these essential financial strategies, you can take control of your financial future and achieve your goals with confidence.

Examples of Financial Self-Care

  • Set annual financial goals and a path to reach them
  • Have a no-spend month
  • Use an app to track all financial transactions
  • Take a class to learn about investing or retirement
  • Create a savings program to reserve money for a major purchase

Read more about financial self-care.

8 different pictures, each depicting one of the 8 pillars of self-care

Recap: The 8 Pillars of Self-Care

Self-care encompasses all of the activities that contribute to your overall well-being. Self-care is deliberate, and for the best quality of life, you need to create a balance between your 8 pillars.

What are your thoughts on self-care? Are your pillars balanced, or do certain areas need more focus? Let me know in the comments!

Before You Go…Find Self-Care Activities for Every Month of the Year:

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